The F.DIST function returns the cumulative probability of a specific F-statistic in a data set, using the F-distribution.


=F.DIST(x, deg_freedom1, deg_freedom2, cumulative)

x The value at which you want to evaluate the distribution.
deg_freedom1 The number of degrees of freedom in the numerator.
deg_freedom2 The number of degrees of freedom in the denominator.
cumulative A logical value that determines the function form: TRUE for the cumulative distribution function FALSE for the probability density function.

About F.DIST

When you're handling statistical analysis or hypothesis testing that involves comparing variances, turn to the F.DIST function in Excel. It aids in computing the cumulative probability associated with a specific F-statistic within a given data set, where the variance in one sample is being used to make inferences about the variance in another sample, based on their degrees of freedom and distribution characteristics. The F-distribution, characterized by its two sets of degrees of freedom, plays a crucial role in these calculations. F.DIST proves beneficial in scenarios demanding assessments of variance relationships and significance levels in statistical studies.


Suppose you have two data sets with respective degrees of freedom: 3 and 8. You want to find the cumulative probability that the F-statistic value is less than or equal to 2.5. The F.DIST formula would be: =F.DIST(2.5, 3, 8, TRUE)

Imagine you are conducting an analysis with degrees of freedom of 10 and 15, and you need to determine the density function value of the F-statistic at 3.0. You would use: =F.DIST(3.0, 10, 15, FALSE)


How does the F.DIST function differ from the F.DIST.RT function in Excel?

The F.DIST function is utilized for versions of Excel prior to 2010, while the F.DIST.RT function was introduced in Excel 2010 and later versions. Both functions compute probabilities related to the F-distribution, but the F.DIST.RT function has enhanced precision and performance compared to F.DIST.

Can the F.DIST function handle cases with unequal degrees of freedom?

Yes, the F.DIST function accommodates cases with unequal degrees of freedom by allowing you to specify the degrees of freedom in the numerator and denominator separately. This flexibility enables you to address a wide range of statistical scenarios involving different sample sizes and variances.

How can the F.DIST function be applied in hypothesis testing?

In hypothesis testing, the F.DIST function can be employed to calculate critical values or p-values associated with F-statistics. By comparing the computed probabilities to significance levels, researchers can make informed decisions regarding the acceptance or rejection of statistical hypotheses based on variances.

Related functions