The DPRODUCT function is used to multiply values in a database that match specific criteria. It is handy for extracting and calculating products based on criteria defined in a database.


=DPRODUCT(database, field, criteria)

database Range of cells that make up the database including headers.
field The column or field that contains the values to multiply.
criteria Range of cells that define the criteria to match in the database.


When you need to perform calculations on specific data within a database, the DPRODUCT function in Excel proves to be a valuable asset. The function efficiently multiplies values in a specified column or field based on defined criteria within the database. This makes it ideal for scenarios where you want to extract and calculate products from a database that meet certain conditions or criteria you set forth. By utilizing DPRODUCT, you can streamline your calculations and focus only on the data that fulfills your specified requirements, saving you time and effort in manual calculations.


Let's say you have a database containing information about sales, with fields for 'Product', 'Quantity', 'Price', and 'Total'. You want to calculate the total revenue generated from sales of a specific product. If the database is in the range A1:D10, with 'Product' in column A, 'Price' in column C, and 'Quantity' in column D, and you define your criteria in another range, you can use DPRODUCT to calculate the total revenue for a selected product.

Suppose you have a database with employee information, including 'Employee Name', 'Department', 'Salary', and 'Years of Service'. To calculate the total salary expense for employees in the 'Marketing' department with over 5 years of service, you can use the DPRODUCT function with appropriate criteria.

You can also customize the criteria used in DPRODUCT based on different scenarios, such as calculating products only for items that meet specific conditions, like a certain price range, quantity sold, or any other criteria relevant to your dataset.


How does the DPRODUCT function work in Excel?

The DPRODUCT function multiplies values in a specified column or field within a database that meet specific criteria defined in the database. It acts as a filter to extract and calculate products only from rows that satisfy the criteria set forth.

Can the DPRODUCT function handle databases with multiple criteria?

Yes, the DPRODUCT function can handle databases with multiple criteria. You can set up your criteria range to include multiple conditions that records must meet for their values to be included in the multiplication operation.

Is the DPRODUCT function dynamic in updating results when the source database changes?

Yes, the DPRODUCT function is dynamic in updating results when the source database changes. If you modify the data in the database or adjust the criteria range, Excel recalculates the product based on the new information automatically.

Can I nest the DPRODUCT function within other Excel functions for more complex calculations?

Yes, you can nest the DPRODUCT function within other Excel functions to create more complex calculations or incorporate the product calculations into larger formulas or models. This allows for flexibility in integrating DPRODUCT with other functions to meet diverse analytical needs.

Related functions